Science fiction films lead us to futuristic worlds that often seem to be nothing more than dreams. Yet, humankind has gained fantastic mechanical headway in the course of recent years, and a large number of the thoughts anticipated by sci-fi are presently practical.
Although some predictions -such as self-driving cars – is still in its early stages, the scientists and engineers has arrived to many other events put forward and presented for the first time in science fiction movies, like the arrival of a human to the moon.
Predictions made by science fiction books and films that have come true
1- Landing on the moon.
In 1865, the French writer Jules Verne published his science fiction novel from the earth to the moon, in which he described the mission of 3 Americans to launch a spacecraft and land on the moon. A few pieces of the novel were like the principal genuine moon handling that happened 104 years after the fact. Both NASA astronauts and Vern's characters in the novel set off from Florida. NASA's command unit (Columbia) is named in another resemblance to the fictional Ferne spacecraft called the Columbiad. NASA astronauts Armstrong and nelwin Aldrin successfully walked on the moon in, 1969 while Michael Collins remained on the spacecraft, but the three men in Vern's novel never walked on the moon. NASA has acknowledged that there are other similarities between the Apollo 11 spacecraft and Vern's novel as well. For example, NASA said that the shape and size of the Olympiad is very similar to the Apollo spacecraft. The novel also claimed that the telescope would be able to see the progress of the Columbian expedition. When an explosion caused a malfunction during the Apollo 13 mission in 1970, a telescope at the Johnson Space Center was able to see the accident that occurred more than 200 thousand miles (300 thousand kilometers) away.
2- Mobile phone in science fiction
The communicator in "Star Trek" first appeared in 1966, which was very similar to a mobile phone. Although engineers were working on the development of this technology in the 1960s, it took the company (Motorola – Motorola) until 1973 to make the world's first mobile phone. Motorola cell phones hit the market ten years after the fact in 1983. The gadgets were huge, heavy and expensive, but Motorola has continued to make improvements over the next few years. The company's first mobile phone was released in 1989, similar to the Star Trek device. In recent years, wand has created a modern version of the communication device. It debuted in 2015, is made of aluminum and has a magnetic holder for wireless charging, it also has a Bluetooth feature and is able to keep some audio recordings from Star Trek episodes.
3- Hologram (3D photograph)
Holograms appeared in science fiction stories decades ago. In 2017, an Australian organization professed to have delivered a multi-dimensional image table that took after future visualizations in the first Star Wars film. Princess Leia invited the help of Loki Skywalker in the Star Wars film to use a holographic message in 1977. From that point forward, researchers have attempted to transform this innovation into the real world. Euclideon, an Australian company, says it has created the world's first 3D table. Up to four people can interact with a hologram at a time using motion tracking glasses. Although Euclidean's invention was met with some skepticism, New Atlas reported in November 2018 that the company is moving ahead with bringing 3D image technology to the market.
4- 3D printing
Star Trek features the ability to print food and everyday objects in 3D in a few seconds. Scientists now use 3D printing technology to take out objects from plastic, metal and glass, although the process is not as fast. The New York – based non-profit company Mattershift says it has developed membranes for carbon nanotubes that can separate and combine individual molecules. Forbes reports that Mattershift CEO Rob McGinnis says membranes can help scientists make anything from a set of building blocks for molecules. According to Furby, Magennis stated: "We are talking about printing material out of nowhere. Imagine you have one of these devices with you on Mars. You can print food, fuel, building materials, medicines from the air, soil or recycled parts without having to bring them from the ground." In addition, start-ups such as Natural Machine are commercializing 3D food printers.
5- External metal structure
The Iron Man suit has become legendary since its debut in Marvel Comics. Of course we will not soon see people fly wearing them, but the US military is developing high-tech suits that will reflect some of Iron Man's abilities. The Talos military program – short for light tactical operators ' suit-aims to promote human - to-human combat. According to the Times Military News report: "The Talos program will process huge amounts of data from Drones, Marine sensors and reconnaissance aircraft to better tell soldiers, and the suit is expected to be lightweight and equipped with life support systems that will track soldiers' vitality.
6- Electric submarines
In 1870, a novel was published (Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the sea), in which a fully electric powered submarine appeared. At that time, submarines were powered only by mechanical power. And in 1888 the French submarine (gimento – Gymnote) was made, powered by electricity, which was very similar to the Nautilus Verne in the novel. Rosalind Williams, a technology historian at MIT, told National Geographic that the Nautilus is not much different from modern submarines, such as the 1960s-era ship Alvin, which ran on lead - acid batteries.
7- Radio news
Vern also predicted that one day people would listen to the news instead of just reading the newspaper. He predicted this in 1889, but the first radio broadcast did not take place until 1920. And in 1889 Verne wrote in the short story: "instead of being printed, the Chronicle will talk to its subscribers, who will know the news of the day through Pleasant dialogues with journalists, statesmen and scientists.
8- Depression medications
Aldous Huxley's "new wonderful world" is a dystopian novel published in 1931, in which everyone took mood-altering pills called soma, which served as an antidepressant. Two decades after the release of this novel, scientists began to study and search for antidepressant pills. In the novel almost everyone was taking these depressant pills. In the real world, depression and brain chemicals were first linked in 1951, a group of doctors on Staten Island in New York State noticed sudden changes in behavior and mood in TB patients after taking a drug called iproniazid. Soon the lethargic mood of patients changes to become happy. Three years later in North Carolina, The New York Times reported that some people experienced adverse effects after taking the drug Raudixin, which was prescribed to control their blood pressure. One of the patients tried to commit suicide after taking rodexin. With a better understanding of the relationship between brain chemicals and depression, scientists were able to discover new drugs to help people, and since millions of Americans have used antidepressants, Prozac was approved by the food and Drug Administration in 1988, and according to the New York Times became the third most popular prescription drug in the United States by 2008.
9- Nuclear bomb
The controls of the free world-a 1914 novel by H. G. Wells-recalls a uranium grenade: "it will continue to explode indefinitely." Three decades later, the United States detonated two nuclear bombs in Japan, targeting Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Wells described the atomic bomb and said it would fall from the plane. In the fictional world the author was aware of how to destroy a nuclear weapon. Atomic bombs contribute to a devastating war, the survivors of which created a World Government to preserve unity and prevent future ruin. As the Smithsonian announced, Wells ' nuclear bombs were fundamentally not quite the same as those utilized during World War II. "They detonated constantly, for quite a long time, weeks or months relying upon their size, as the components in them charged energy vigorously as they fell, and in the process made little volcanoes of death and destruction, "the paper additionally announced.
10- Smart watches
In the 1962 animated series The Jetsons, a high-tech watch that can play videos appears. Although modern smart watches do not have this feature, The Jetsons Watch has a similar design to the smart watches that exist today. Elroy Jetsons used his watch to watch The Flintstones cartoon and to communicate with his family. Today's smart watches. Other scenes of the cartoon show more inventions that appeared after the premiere, as the magazine (entrepreneurship – Entrepreneur) stated that the cartoon accurately predicted the emergence of self-driving aircraft and 3D images.
11- Electric shock gun
Nuclear physicist Jack Coover finished the first Taser in 1970, named Taser after Thomas A. Swift's 1911 novel The Electric Gun, which features a device similar to the one used today.
Coover wanted to make a Taser after a series of aircraft hijackings in the 1960s prompted its airmen to carry guns on planes. The Los Angeles Times reported that cover is trying to develop a weapon that will help air reporters stop hijacking attempts without hurting passengers or planes, and the use of handguns has sparked controversy in recent years because they have been linked to cardiac arrests.
12- Video calls
Video calls are frequently made via web-based media stages, for example, Skype and FaceTime nowadays, and this technique has been included in films for quite a long time. One of the most established of these-city, delivered in 1927 - highlighted a divider mounted telephone settling on a video decision.
The description of video calls has become increasingly more complicated in movies over time. In 1968, in the film A Space Odyssey, for example, video calls were made by entering a number in a panel connected to a large telephone unit.
By 1989, in the second part of the film (back to the future) appeared a system of video calls connected with the character of the caller, such as favorite drinks and hobbies.
13- Credit cards
In novel “Looking back” for Edward Bellamy's 1887 while the use of the term credit card originated in the United States in the 1920s. In that novel the main character falls asleep in 1887 and wakes up 113 years later, learning that his house has turned into a socialist utopia.
Back then, when you imagine that someone could just swipe their card to pay for an item and get a receipt was considered science fiction. Yet, what Bellamy anticipated happened a great deal of it, he even anticipated that it is simpler to utilize a Visa in another country. The Universal Credit Card-which can be used in a wide variety of places-was first used in 1950, and it took several years before credit cards became an integral part of American society.
14- Wireless speakers
In the 1953 novel 451 Fahrenheit, creator Ray Bradbury expounded on shells and metal radios that look like headphones and earphones, which have a Bluetooth framework. A large number of Americans today pay attention to tunes and get calls by means of Apple's remote Ear Pods. According to the New York Times, Bradbury described seashells as being able to produce an electronic ocean of sound, music, and talk going to the shore of your subconscious mind. The novel also referred to other innovations that have become popular today. For example, the novel describes that people communicate with their friends through a digital world, which is somewhat similar to the feature of sharing messages on communication platforms such as Facebook.
15- Autonomous Vehicles
In novels (Isaac Asimov – Isaac Asimov) predicted the emergence of smart cars after visiting the World Fair in 1964. More than 50 years later, Waymo and other companies began testing self-driving cars. In an article in the New York Times, the newspaper reported that Asimov imagined visiting one of World's fair in the next fifty years.
"A great deal of exertion will be spent in the plan of keen vehicles that can be tuned to specific objections - which will then, at that point move there without obstruction from the side of the sluggish responses of the human driver, "Asimov composed. Driverless cars are still being tested, and proponents of the technology say it can help reduce congestion and reduce accidents, as the Business Insider previously reported that many companies aim to launch their self - driving cars before 2030.